The Stage 2 Reserve Proposal has been developed by the Gardens of Stone Alliance in a bid to secure protection and preserve 39,000 hectares of fragile Gardens of Stone wilderness that remains under threat.

Ian Brown - flannel flower

© Ian Brown - Flannel flower, Newnes Plateau

This proposal includes all the remaining parts of the Newnes Plateau and surrounding sandstone uplands, that are in public ownership. It recommends that this area be preserved, principally, as State Conservation Areas*.

Environmentally and geologically valuable, the area the Stage 2 proposal includes some of the most magnificent and immensely rich wilderness in Australia - ancient rock pagodas formations, deep slot canyons; large caves and mazes; age-old montane heathlands, endangered upland swamps; snowgums, grassy woodlands and moist gullies that contain tree ferns; stands of old growth forest and rainforest.

It would also secure the outstanding ochre-coloured cliffs of the Blue Mountains' western escarpment, associated rate plant communities and see 1,000 plant species, a staggering 100 rare and threatened plants, animals and ecological communities protected.

It is made up four key areas, that stretch over 55 kms. from Medlow Bath to Newnes Plateau, north to the Capertee Valley and Mount Airly.


Ben Bullen and Wolgan State Forests, Great Dividing Range (10,000 hectares)

An evocative sandstone landscape that includes Baal Bone and massed rock pagoda 'villages' that stand high above the diverse and rare moist plain of Long Swamp.


Baal Bone Ck

Baan Baal Ck


Newnes Plateau (21,000 hectares)

The richly bio-diverse 'garden' of the Newnes Plateau includes ancient windswept montane heathlands, nationally endangered upland swamps, unique snowgum-snowgrass woodlands, ancient sand dunes and 67 rare plant and animal species (listed under threatened species legislation). Combined with incomparable sandstone geodiversity, important and swathes of rock pagodas, the plateau is magnificent and unique in its environmental and geological importance.

Cake Rock

© Walter Shepherd - Newnes Plateau


Wollangambe Wilderness (2,380 hectares)

Hugely popular with bushwalkers and canyoners, the National Parks and Wildlife Service have identified Gooches Crater, wild headwater streams, wet sclerophyll forests and nationally important spring-fed swamps as unique and important wilderness features of Wollangambe area.


The Western Escarpment (5,000 hectares)

The Western Escarpment of the Blue Mountains is renowned for its outstanding golden clifflines. Above the cliffs are rare plant communities. Below them the dramatic valley scenery is enhanced by a wonderful blanket of forest. The area contains the first passes Europeans used to reach the interior of the continent and walking tracks, lookouts, cliffs and waterfalls which are much enjoyed by families and rock climbers.






The environment groups' reserve proposal is an integrated plan of action to protect, manage and interpret the area's heritage. It will protect:

  • one of the most beautiful displays of sandstone geodiversity in Australia, comprising dramatically coloured sandstone escarpments and promontories, narrow canyons, cave overhangs, swamps and the complex arrays of rock pinnacles known as pagodas.

  • one of the Blue Mountains' areas of highest plant diversity including ancient windswept montane heathlands, nationally endangered upland swamps, a unique species of snowgum (E. gregsoniana) and other high plateau woodlands representing the highest development of native vegetation on Sydney Basin sedimentary rocks, and poorly conserved grassy white box woodlands on slopes below the sandstone;

  • remarkable oil shale mining ruins on spectacular Airly Mesa;

  • outstanding Aboriginal cultural sites on and around Newnes Plateau;

  • the nationally significant first three rugged mountain passes west to the interior of Australia;

  • the most popular recreation-forest destination in the Mountains.

The proposed system of State Conservation Areas and Park extensions will greatly enhance the tourism in the central and western Blue Mountains, including the Lithgow region.

For more information on the proposal, you can read

Seeing the Gardens (July 2009)
GoS2 Proposal Illustrated (November 2005)


Genowlan sunset

Genowlan Sunset


Footnote: Designated State Conservation Areas allow for underground mining, while protecting the areas of conservation value through National Parks and Wildlife legislation.